Introduction to Book Making

Book Terminology


Hardcover - a book with a solid cover made of cardboard.

Soft Cover - a soft cover made with a thick paper stock or other custom substitutes.

Interior - all of the pages of content that a book consists of. When bound, the interior can be referred to as a book-block.

End Sheets - the two pages on both ends of the book-block that connect the interior to the hardcover.

Spine - when opened flat, the spine can be located in center of a book, between the front and back cover. The spine functions as the “back bone” of a book.

Gutter - the devoid space between the spine and the back/front covers that allow for the cover to bend when opening and closing.

Bleed - a set guideline of a project’s content that will be overlapped when printing to ensure that a project’s content is printed properly.

Guides - the guide lines in Adobe Software to help with the proper placement of content in a project.

Deboss / Emboss  - Image or text pressed onto the cover and/or interior of a book.


Foil Stamping - image or text of metallic or pigment colours pressed onto a book cover and/or interior. 

Book Cloth / Leatherette Wrap - the material used for a hardcover book that wraps around the book board.

Image Wrap - a printed “image” that will be wrapped around the book board. 

Quarter Bind - the front cover is wrapped with a printed image, while the spine and back are wrapped in a different material. 

Output - the files of a project that have been exported from an Adobe Software.

PDF - Portable Document Formant, a file format used to present documents independent of application software, hardware, and any other operating system. 

Crop Marks - the marks on a printed project that will guide the cutting down/trimming of the printed interior. 

DPI - Dots Per Inch, which technically means Printer Dots Per Inch. A file’s DPI will determine the resolution of a printed project. 

CMYK - the comic colour model (process colour, four colour) is a subtractive colour model used in colour printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself.